|Authors||Ryer EJ, Sakakibara K, Wang C, Sarkar D, Fisher PB, Faries PL, Kent KC, Liu B|
|Journal||J. Biol. Chem. Volume: 280 Issue: 42 Pages: 35310-7|
|Publish Date||2005 Oct 21|
Apoptotic death of vascular smooth muscle cells (SMCs) is a prominent feature of blood vessel remodeling. In the present study, we examined the novel PKC isoform protein kinase C delta (PKCdelta) and its role in vascular SMC apoptosis. In A10 SMCs, overexpression of PKCdelta was sufficient to induce apoptosis, whereas inhibition of PKCdelta diminished H2O2-induced apoptosis. Moreover, evidence is provided that the tumor suppressor p53 is an essential mediator of PKCdelta-induced apoptosis in SMCs. Activation of PKCdelta led to accumulation as well as phosphorylation of p53 in SMCs; this induction correlated with apoptosis. Furthermore, blocking p53 induction with small interference RNA or targeted gene deletion prevented PKCdelta-induced apoptosis, whereas restoring p53 expression rescued the ability of PKCdelta to induce apoptosis in p53 null SMCs. We also establish that PKCdelta regulates p53 at both transcriptional and post-translational levels. Specifically, the transcriptional regulation required p38 MAPK, whereas the post-translational modification, at least for serine 46, did not involve MAPK. Additionally, PKCdelta, p38 MAPK, and p53 co-associate in cells under conditions favoring apoptosis. Together, our data suggest that SMC apoptosis proceeds through a pathway that involves PKCdelta, the intermediary p38 MAPK, and the downstream target tumor suppressor p53.