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Authors Suzuki T, Connor NP, Lee K, Bless DM, Ford CN, Inagi K
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Journal Ann. Otol. Rhinol. Laryngol. Volume: 111 Issue: 11 Pages: 962-7
Publish Date 2002 Nov
PubMed ID 12450167

Deficits in voice and swallowing are found in the elderly, but the underlying neuromuscular mechanisms are unclear. A potential mechanism may be denervation-induced muscle fiber transformation to a slower-contracting type of muscle fiber. This study examined young, old, and denervated rat laryngeal muscles (lateral thyroarytenoid, lateral cricoarytenoid, and posterior cricoarytenoid) to examine differences in myosin heavy chain (MHC) composition. Results of sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis analyses indicated that all muscles were composed predominately of type IIB MHC. With aging and denervation, type IIB was reduced and type IIX, a slower-contracting isoform, was increased in the lateral thyroarytenoid and lateral cricoarytenoid muscles. In the posterior cricoarytenoid muscle, the MHC composition was relatively unchanged. These findings suggest that aging may affect laryngeal adductory function by altering muscle fiber type composition to a slower-contracting isoform, in a manner similar to that observed with denervation. Copyright © 2017 The Board of Regents of the University of Wisconsin System