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Authors Yankol Y, Fernandez LA, Kanmaz T, Leverson GE, Mezrich JD, Foley D, Mecit N, D'Alessandro AM, Acarli K, Kalayoglu M
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Journal Pediatr Transplant Volume: 20 Issue: 1 Pages: 72-82
Publish Date 2016 Feb
PubMed ID 26861217

The LDLT option in the pediatric population allows recipients to be transplanted early. A total of 202 consecutive pediatric liver transplants from two different institutions—108 (LDLT) and 94 (DDLT)—were retrospectively compared. Overall, one- and three-yr patient and graft survival were similar between DDLT and LDLT. ACR was greater in recipients of DDLT at one and three yr (50.8% and 61.0%) compared to LDLT (30.8% and 32.2%) (p = 0.002). When the data were stratified according to PELD/MELD score, LDLT with a low score had better one- and three-yr graft survival (96.2% and 96.2%) compared to DDLT (88.2% and 85.2%) (p = 0.02), with comparable patient survival (p = 0.75). Patient and graft survival were similar between DDLT and LDLT in the high PELD/MELD group. Lower incidence of ACR in both low and high PELD/MELD groups was (29.6% and 34.3%) for LDLT compared to DDLT (50.3% and 53.3%, p = 0.002 and p = 0.028, respectively). Regardless of PELD/MELD score, status, age group, and recipient weight, LDLT provides excellent patient and graft survival with a lower incidence of rejection compared to DDLT. Copyright © 2017 The Board of Regents of the University of Wisconsin System