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Authors Chen X, Foote AG, Thibeault SL
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Journal Cytotherapy
Publish Date 2017 Oct 03
PubMed ID 28986174

Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) have shown potential therapeutic benefits for a range of medical disorders and continue to be a focus of intense scientific investigation. Transplantation of MSCs into injured tissue can improve wound healing, tissue regeneration and functional recovery. However, implanted cells rapidly lose their viability or fail to integrate into host tissue. Hydrogel-seeded bone marrow (BM)-MSCs offer improved viability in response to mechanical forces caused by syringe needles, cell density and dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO) concentration, which in turn, will help to clarify which factors are important for enhancing biomaterial-induced cell transplantation efficiency and provide much needed guidance for clinical trials. In this study, under the control of cell density (<2 × 10(7) cells/mL) and final DMSO concentration (<0.5%), hydrogel-induced BM-MSC viability remained >82% following syringe needle passage by 25- or 27-gauge needles, providing improved cell therapeutic approaches for regenerative medicine. Copyright © 2017 The Board of Regents of the University of Wisconsin System