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Authors Derubertis BG, Hynecek RL, Kent KC, Faries PL
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Journal Vasc Endovascular Surg Volume: 45 Issue: 7 Pages: 619-26
Publish Date 2011 Oct
PubMed ID 21646237
Abstract

Anatomic distortion associated with radiation-induced tissue changes may pose challenges for patients with prior cervical irradiation undergoing carotid stenting. We sought to evaluate the effect of these changes on carotid intervention.Carotid angioplasty and stenting (CAS) for high-grade stenosis was performed in 203 patients. In all, 12 consecutive patients with prior ipsilateral cervical irradiation were age-/sex-matched to 24 controls. Degree of internal carotid (IC) tortuosity was assessed by 4 methods: (a) deviation of IC from common carotid (CCA) axis, (b) number of intersections between this axis and the course of the IC, © total degrees of angulation along the course of the extracranial IC, and (d) the IC length to straight-line distance ratio.Carotid angioplasty and stenting was successful in all patients. Mean age was 72.8 ± 10 years; 58.4% were male. Twenty-nine percent were symptomatic (14.4% transient ischemic attack [TIA], 8.5% cardiovascular accident [CVA], and 6.5% amaurosis). Comorbidities were similar between the entire cohort and the subgroups of irradiated/control patients. The IC revealed a higher degree of deviation from the axis of the CCA in the previously irradiated patients compared to those without radiation (29.2° ± 4.5° vs 13.0° ± 2.0°, P = .001) and was more likely to intersect this axis in those with a history of cervical irradiation (83.3% vs 14.3%, P < .05). Irradiated patients also exhibited a significantly greater degree of tortuosity versus nonirradiated patients when assessed by total angulation along the course of the carotid (171.8° ± 26.0° vs 74.2° ± 20.2°, P = .014) and by the IC length:distance ratio (1.14 ± 0.05 vs 1.04 ± 0.03, P = .020). Despite increased IC tortuosity in patients with prior irradiation, all procedures were successfully completed and there did not appear to be a predilection for a specific filter type.A history of cervical irradiation is associated with increased tortuosity of the IC, leading to potential challenges for filter and stent deployment. However, this increased procedural complexity did not affect technical success rate or device selection in this series.

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