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Authors Gartrell BC, Kennedy TA, Gubbels SP
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Journal Ann. Otol. Rhinol. Laryngol. Volume: 121 Issue: 8 Pages: 521-4
Publish Date 2012 Aug
PubMed ID 22953658
PMC ID 3618951
Abstract

We seek to describe an individual with bilateral duplicated internal carotid arteries (ICAs) presenting as middle ear masses, to discuss the anatomy and characteristic imaging findings associated with this condition, and to familiarize clinicians with effective methods to prevent and manage complications related to this entity.The clinical presentation of an individual with this unusual vascular anomaly was reviewed. A literature search was then performed to identify previously reported studies describing aberrant ICAs in order to characterize the presentation, anatomy, imaging findings, and management of this condition.An aberrant ICA presenting as a middle ear mass is uncommon; there are only approximately 45 reported cases to date. The majority of these cases presented as a unilateral anomaly without a duplication, were associated with pulsatile tinnitus and hearing loss, and were diagnosed during middle ear procedures. Bilateral aberrant ICAs are exceedingly rare, with only 14 existing reports. Only 1 of these cases presented with duplicated ICAs. Our report demonstrates an unusual presentation of aberrant ICAs, as pulsatile tinnitus was absent and previous middle ear surgery had been performed without establishing this diagnosis and without any resulting complications. Furthermore, this case represents the first known instance of a bilateral duplicated ICA system without persistent stapedial arteries. Although vascular middle ear anomalies are unusual, complications of surgical manipulation have been documented.The clinician must have a high index of suspicion for vascular lesions in patients presenting with a retrotympanic mass. Appropriate diagnostic imaging studies should be performed to exclude this diagnosis before middle ear exploration. Should injury to the carotid artery occur, surgeons should follow specific guidelines to avoid potentially serious complications.

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