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Authors Zhuang P, Nemcek S, Surender K, Hoffman MR, Zhang F, Chapin WJ, Jiang JJ
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Journal Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg Volume: 149 Issue: 3 Pages: 451-6
Publish Date 2013 Sep
PubMed ID 23719396
PMC ID 3770460

To present a new method of quantifying arytenoid movement during inspiration and determine if it can be used to distinguish arytenoid dislocation from vocal fold paralysis.Case series with chart review.Retrospective study conducted in a university laboratory based on university hospital data.Endoscopic videos from 8 patients with dislocation and 5 patients with vocal fold paralysis diagnosed by electromyography were included. Vector analysis measured cuneiform movement, an indirect measurement of arytenoid movement, during 1 inspiration. Measurements normalized and not normalized to vocal fold length were evaluated. Interrater reliability (2 raters) and intrarater reliability (1 rater performing the analysis twice) were evaluated using intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) analysis. Raters were blinded to subject group during analysis.Pixel-valued cuneiform movement was 81.16 ± 25.62 for dislocation and 30.22 ± 23.60 for paralysis (P = .019). Unitless cuneiform movement was 0.58 ± 0.17 for dislocation and 0.24 ± 0.18 for paralysis (P = .030). Interrater ICC was 0.942 for pixel-valued measurements and 0.962 for unitless measurements. Intrarater ICC was 0.909 for pixel-valued measurements and 0.881 for unitless measurements.Both pixel-valued and unitless measures of arytenoid movement were significantly greater in arytenoid dislocation than vocal fold paralysis. Pixel-valued measurements were included to demonstrate the ability to make quantitative comparisons across subjects without precise knowledge of camera precision, provided position is approximately stable, as each measurement is inherently normalized by vocal tract length. Future studies will apply this new method of evaluating vocal fold immobility disorders on a larger scale and incorporate a more diverse group of etiologies.

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