|Journal||Thorac Surg Clin Volume: 21 Issue: 2 Pages: 205-17, viii|
|Publish Date||2011 May|
This article describes the normal anatomy of the heart and pericardium. Included is a detailed description of the pericardium, mediastinal nerves, cardiac chambers, valves, coronary arteries and veins, and the conduction tissues. As cardiac and thoracic surgery continue to get more specialized and the procedures become less invasive, it is essential for the cardiothoracic surgeon to have a thorough working knowledge of cardiothoracic anatomy.