|Authors||Akhter SA, D'Souza KM, Petrashevskaya NN, Mialet-Perez J, Liggett SB|
|Journal||Am. J. Physiol. Heart Circ. Physiol. Volume: 290 Issue: 4 Pages: H1427-32|
|Publish Date||2006 Apr|
Association studies suggest beta(1)-adrenergic receptor (beta(1)-AR) polymorphisms are disease modifiers in heart failure. The Arg389 variant has increased coupling to G(s) in transfected cells and evokes enhanced ventricular function in transgenic mice. Here, we assessed the differential effects of the human Gly389 and Arg389 beta(1)-AR polymorphisms on myocardial recovery after ischemic injury. Function was studied in transgenic mice with cardiac-specific expression of either human Gly389 or Arg389 beta(1)-AR at baseline and after 20 min of ex vivo ischemia and reperfusion (I/R). In 3-mo-old mice of either genotype, there was poor recovery after I/R (approximately 38% vs. approximately 68% for nontransgenic). Paradoxically, at 6 mo of age, functional recovery remained severely depressed in Gly389 hearts (approximately 32%) but was similar to nontransgenic for Arg389 hearts (approximately 60%). In Arg389 hearts, agonist-promoted adenylyl cyclase activities were depressed by approximately 35% at 6 mo of age, and G protein-coupled receptor kinase (GRK) activity was increased by approximately twofold compared with Gly389. Furthermore, I/R evoked an approximately threefold increase in ERK2 phosphorylation in Arg389 but an approximately twofold decrease in Gly389 hearts. Individually, these changes have been shown to mitigate I/R injury; thus the Arg389-beta(1)-AR uniquely evokes specialized pathways that act to protect against I/R injury. The improved recovery of function after I/R in Arg389 hearts relative to Gly389 appears to be due to an adaptive multimechanism program with allele-specific alterations in receptor signaling, GRK activity, and ERK2. Thus genetic variation of the human beta(1)-AR may play a role in cardiac functional recovery after ischemic injury.