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Authors Kaplan DE, Sugimoto K, Newton K, Valiga ME, Ikeda F, Aytaman A, Nunes FA, Lucey MR, Vance BA, Vonderheide RH, Reddy KR, McKeating JA, Chang KM
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Journal Gastroenterology Volume: 132 Issue: 2 Pages: 654-66
Publish Date 2007 Feb
PubMed ID 17258733

Acute hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection becomes chronic in the majority of patients. Although HCV-specific CD4 T-cell response is associated with HCV clearance, less is known about virus-specific CD8 T-cell or neutralizing antibody (nAb) responses and the role of CD4 help in their induction during acute infection.HCV-specific CD4, CD8, and HCV pseudoparticle (HCVpp) nAb responses were monitored in acutely HCV-infected patients to define their relative contributions to viral clearance.Our results show that the outcome of acute hepatitis C is associated with a functional hierarchy in HCV-specific CD4 T-cell response and the scope of virus-specific, total T-cell interferon-gamma response. HCV-specific CD8 T-cell response was readily detectable in acutely HCV-infected patients regardless of virologic outcome or virus-specific CD4 T-cell response. In contrast, HCVpp-specific nAbs were readily detected in patients with chronic evolution and impaired virus-specific CD4 T-cell response but not in patients who cleared infection with robust virus-specific CD4 T-cell response.The outcome of acute hepatitis C is associated with efficient virus-specific CD4 T-cell response(s) without which HCV-specific CD8 T-cell and heterologous nAb responses may develop but fail to clear viremia. Furthermore, HCV-specific nAb responses may not be induced despite robust virus-specific CD4 T-cell response. Copyright © 2017 The Board of Regents of the University of Wisconsin System