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Authors Saadeh PB, Chang CC, Warren SM, Reavey P, McCarthy JG, Siebert JW
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Journal Plast. Reconstr. Surg. Volume: 121 Issue: 6 Pages: 368e-378e
Publish Date 2008 Jun
PubMed ID 18520863
Abstract

Since their first review of microsurgical correction of facial contour deformities in 19 patients with craniofacial malformations, the authors have treated an additional 74 patients (n = 93). The authors review indications, choices, safety, efficacy, complications, and technical refinements. A treatment algorithm is presented.A retrospective chart review of all patients who underwent microvascular reconstruction of the face and all patients with craniofacial dysmorphology was performed. Between 1989 and 2004, a total of 93 patients with the following diagnoses were identified: craniofacial microsomia (n = 73), Treacher Collins syndrome (n = 8), and severe orbitofacial cleft (n = 12). All patients underwent microsurgical facial reconstruction with a superficial inferior epigastric, groin, or circumflex scapular flap. Flap revisions, complications, and non-free flap related surgery were reviewed.The mean age at microvascular reconstruction was 11 years (range, 4 to 27 years). Flap choices included the following: superficial inferior epigastric (n = 4), groin (n = 3), and circumflex scapular (n = 105). Seventy-six patients underwent unilateral and 17 patients underwent bilateral (one of 17 simultaneous) reconstructions. Postoperative complications included partial flap loss (n = 1), reexploration (n = 1), hematoma (n = 5), and cellulitis (n = 5). All patients had subjective improvement in facial contour, symmetry, skin tone, and color. Most patients underwent additional non-free flap procedures including mandibular distraction and ear reconstruction.Microsurgical flaps have markedly improved the authors’ ability to restore craniofacial contour in patients with craniofacial malformations. In selected patients, the authors choose primary midface augmentation with free vascularized tissue to restore form and function. Microsurgical flaps in patients with craniofacial malformations are safe, effective, and reliable.

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