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Authors Curtis CS, Busch RA, Crass RL, Webb AP, Kudsk KA
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Journal Nutr Clin Pract Volume: 31 Issue: 2 Pages: 218-22
Publish Date 2016 Apr
PubMed ID 25896971
PMC ID 4615335

Drug shortages pose prescribing problems to clinicians. During fiscal year (FY) 2014, an acute shortage of intravenous potassium phosphate (K-Phos IV), a common supplement in parenteral nutrition (PN), prompted the use of premixed instead of individualized PN to conserve K-Phos IV. Here we quantify the K-Phos IV conserved by using premixed PN and the associated cost differences.Costs of preparing premixed PN vs individualized PN of equivalent composition were calculated for FY 2014 at a single-center tertiary care facility. Quantity and cost of K-Phos IV saved were calculated based on the number of premixed PN prescriptions. Costs for FY 2015 were projected based on drug costs from July 2014.During FY 2014, prescribing premixed in lieu of individualized PN conserved 16,440 mmol K-Phos IV but increased the cost of PN by $4080.45. However, increases in K-Phos IV cost at the end of FY 2014 resulted in premixed PN as a relatively less expensive therapy than individualized PN for our institution. Cost savings of $7092.20 due to use of premixed PN is projected for FY 2015.Prescribing premixed PN conserves K-Phos IV during shortages, but it increased direct drug spending in non-critically ill patients at our institution during FY 2014. Persistent shortages can drive market costs of K-Phos IV, however, necessitating frequent reconsideration of resource utilization.

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