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Authors Whited CW, Dailey SH
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Journal Otolaryngol. Clin. North Am. Volume: 48 Issue: 4 Pages: 547-64
Publish Date 2015 Aug
PubMed ID 26096136

The evaluation of the dysphonic patient begins with a complete understanding of the laryngeal anatomy and physiology of voice production. A thorough history must be taken regarding the dysphonia qualities, alarming symptoms, and confounding factors. The complete head and neck examination culminates in a detailed visualization of the vocal folds using image-capturing laryngoscopy as well as stroboscopy or high-speed digital imaging to fully evaluate the viscoelastic properties of the vocal fold cover-body structure and function. Finally, the evaluation leads to the biopsy of any concerning lesions either under magnification in the operating room or topical anesthesia in the office. Copyright © 2016 The Board of Regents of the University of Wisconsin System