|Authors||Burns WR, Wang Y, Tang PC, Ranjbaran H, Iakimov A, Kim J, Cuffy M, Bai Y, Pober JS, Tellides G|
|Journal||Am. J. Transplant. Volume: 5 Issue: 6 Pages: 1226-36|
|Publish Date||2005 Jun|
Chemokine receptors preferentially expressed by Th1 cells and their IFN-gamma-inducible ligands predominate in experimental and clinical allograft rejection. Previous chemokine-related transplantation studies have focused on parenchymal and microvascular inflammation which are of importance in acute rejection, but are not necessarily relevant in immune-mediated injury of conduit arteries. We have recently described a model of progressive human T cell-mediated infiltration and injury of allogeneic coronary artery segments using immunodeficient mouse hosts. In the present study, we investigated if recruitment of allogeneic T cells to different vascular compartments correlated with the expression of chemokines and their receptors. Transcripts were quantified by laser capture microdissection/real-time RT-PCR and their distribution was correlated to the corresponding protein expression detected by immunohistochemistry. Infiltrating T cells, confined to the adventitia and intima, expressed CXCR3 and CCR5, but were not recruited into the media despite production by vascular smooth muscle cells of IP-10, Mig, I-TAC, RANTES and MIP-1beta. Chemokine mRNA was detected primarily in vascular cells, although chemokine protein largely localized to infiltrating leukocytes which uniquely expressed their cognate receptors. These data explain the recruitment of IFN-gamma-secreting T cells to the vessel wall, and reinforce the suggestion that the arterial media may be a site of immunological privilege.