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Authors Igarashi S, Morita H, Bennett KM, Tanaka Y, Engelender S, Peters MF, Cooper JK, Wood JD, Sawa A, Ross CA
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Journal Neuroreport Volume: 14 Issue: 4 Pages: 565-8
Publish Date 2003 Mar 24
PubMed ID 12657886
Abstract

Huntington’s disease (HD) is an autosomal dominant neurodegenerative disorder caused by the abnormal expansion of a polyglutamine tract in the huntingtin protein. We have developed PC12 cell lines in which the expression of an N-terminal truncation of huntingtin (N63) with either wild type (23Q) or expanded polyglutamine (148Q) can be induced by the removal of doxycycline. Differentiated PC12 cells induced to express N63-148Q showed cellular toxicity reaching up to 50% at 6 days post-induction. Histone acetyltransferase (HAT) activity and global histone acetylation was significantly decreased in cells expressing truncated huntingtin with mutant but not normal huntingtin. These data suggest that altered chromatin modification via reduction in coactivator activity may cause neuronal transcriptional dysregulation and contribute to cellular toxicity.

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