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Authors Horn CC, Ciucci M, Chaudhury A
Journal Auton Neurosci Volume: 132 Issue: 1-2 Pages: 44-51
Publish Date 2007 Mar 30
PubMed ID 17092780
PMC ID 1865123

Cancer chemotherapy drugs, such as cisplatin, are extremely potent for producing nausea and vomiting. The acute effects of these treatments are partly controlled using anti-emetic drugs, but the delayed effects (>24 h), especially nausea, are much more difficult to treat. Furthermore, cisplatin induces a long-term (up to 48 h) increase in pica in rats. Pica is manifested as an increase in consumption of kaolin (clay) and is used as a measure of visceral sickness. It is unknown what brain pathways might be responsible for this sickness associated behavior. As a first attempt to define this neural system, rats were injected (i.p.) with 3, 6, or 10 mg/kg cisplatin (doses reported to produce pica) and sacrificed at 6, 24, or 48 h to determine brain Fos expression. The primary results indicate: 1) increasing the dose of cisplatin increased the magnitude and duration of brain Fos expression, 2) most excitatory effects on hindbrain nucleus of the solitary tract (NTS) and area postrema (AP) Fos expression occurred within 24 h after cisplatin injection, 3) 6 and 10 mg/kg cisplatin treatment produced large increases in Fos expression in the central amygdala (CeA) and bed nucleus of the stria terminalis (BNST), including 48 h after injection, and 4) cisplatin treatment produced little effect on Fos expression in the paraventricular and supraoptic nuclei of the hypothalamus. These results indicate that cisplatin activates a neural system that includes the dorsal vagal complex (NTS and AP), CeA, and BNST.

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