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Authors Shu F, Lee V, Riley R, Pomeranz M, Su W, Melnick D, Homoud M, Foote C, Estes NA, Wang PJ
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Journal J Interv Card Electrophysiol Volume: 1 Issue: 2 Pages: 139-44
Publish Date 1997 Sep
PubMed ID 9869963
Abstract

Reversible cryothermal mapping of cardiac arrhythmias has been performed intraoperatively. However, a steerable cooling catheter for reversible mapping has not yet been developed. We therefore developed and tested a cooling system consisting of a 15 degrees C hypertonic saline reservoir and a 7F steerable catheter also capable of radiofrequency (RF) ablation. Using excised ovine hearts placed in a 37 degrees C circulating saline bath, we measured the temperatures at depths of 0 mm, 1 mm, and 2 mm. The temperature after 90 seconds of cooling was 16.5 +/ 2.1 degrees C at 0 mm compared to 23.9 +/- 4.1 degrees C at 1 mm and 31.1 +/- 3.9 degrees C at 2 mm depth (p < 0.01). These data suggest that a 7F steerable combined RF ablation-cooling catheter may achieve temperatures suitable for mapping arrhythmias such as atrial tachycardias and right ventricular outflow tract tachycardias. Further enhancements to achieve lower temperatures at depth may be needed to reversibly map other arrhythmias such as left ventricular tachycardias.

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