|Authors||Sakakibara K, Kubota K, Worku B, Ryer EJ, Miller JP, Koff A, Kent KC, Liu B|
|Journal||J. Biol. Chem. Volume: 280 Issue: 27 Pages: 25470-7|
|Publish Date||2005 Jul 8|
Cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p27, a critical determinant for cell cycle progression, is an important regulation target of mitogenic signals during arterial injury. In this study, we show in rat aortic smooth muscle cells that PDGF-BB down-regulated p27 protein and mRNA in an ERK-dependent mechanism. Inhibition of ERK, but not other subtypes of the mitogen-activated protein kinase family, prevented the reduction of p27 protein and mRNA. Conversely, direct activation of ERK via adenovirus-mediated expression of a constitutively active form of MEK led to a reduction of p27 protein and mRNA, further supporting the central role of ERK in regulation of p27 expression. Rapamycin, which potently inhibited PDGF-induced activation of p70 S6 kinase as well as proliferation of smooth muscle cells, did not alter the expression of p27. To delineate the molecular mechanism underlying the p27 down-regulation, we examined the effect of PDGF-BB on p27 promoter activity as well as mRNA stability. Stimulation with PDGF-BB significantly shortened the half-life of p27 mRNA without affecting its promoter activity. To further understand the PDGF-stimulated p27 mRNA turnover, we inserted the 5’- and/or 3’-untranslated regions of p27 cDNA into a non-PDGF-responsive luciferase gene. Only those chimeric genes that contained the 3’-untranslated region responded to PDGF-BB with reduced expression. Moreover, inhibition of ERK completely prevented the effect of PDGF on the chimera expression. In summary, our data suggest that p27 is down-regulated by PDGF-BB in vascular smooth muscle cells through an ERK-dependent posttranscriptional mechanism.