|Authors||Neidlinger N, Singh N, Klein C, Odorico J, Munoz del Rio A, Becker Y, Sollinger H, Pirsch J|
|Journal||Am. J. Transplant. Volume: 10 Issue: 2 Pages: 398-406|
|Publish Date||2010 Feb|
Posttransplant diabetes mellitus (PTDM) after pancreas transplantation (PTX) has not been extensively examined. This single center, retrospective analysis of 674 recipients from 1994 to 2005 examines the incidence of and risk factors for PTDM after PTX. PTDM was defined by fasting plasma glucose level > or =126 mg/dL, confirmed on a subsequent measurement or treatment with insulin or oral hypoglycemic agent for > or =30 days. The incidence of PTDM was 14%, 17% and 25% at 3, 5 and 10 years after PTX, respectively and was higher (p = 0.01) in solitary pancreas (PAN) versus simultaneous kidney pancreas (SPK) recipients (mean follow-up 6.5 years). In multivariate analysis, factors associated with PTDM were: older donor age (hazard ratio [HR] 1.04, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.03-1.06, p < 0.001), higher recipient body mass index (HR 1.07,CI 1.01-1.13, p = 0.01), donor positive/recipient negative CMV status (HR 1.65,CI 1.03-2.6, p = 0.04), posttransplant weight gain (HR 4.7,CI 1.95-11.1, p < 0.001), pancreas rejection (HR 1.94.CI 1.3-2.9, p < 0.001) and 6 month fasting glucose (HR 1.01,CI 1.01-1.02, p < 0.001), hemoglobin A(1)c, (HR 1.12,CI 1.05-1.22, p = 0.002) and triglyceride to high-density lipoprotein (TG/HDL) ratio (HR 0.94,CI 0.91-0.96, p < 0.001). This study delineates the incidence and identifies risk factors for PTDM after PTX.