|Authors||Zhang Y, Jiang JJ|
|Journal||J Voice Volume: 22 Issue: 1 Pages: 1-9|
|Publish Date||2008 Jan|
In this paper, we investigated the acoustic characteristics of sustained and running vowels from normal subjects and patients with laryngeal pathologies. Perturbation methods (including jitter and shimmer), signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), and nonlinear dynamic methods (such as correlation dimension and second-order entropy) were used to analyze sustained and running vowels. We found that the sustained vowels and running voices from normal subjects and patients with laryngeal pathologies had low-dimensional dynamic characteristics. For sustained vowels, the analyses of jitter, shimmer, correlation dimension, and second-order entropy revealed significant differences between normal and pathological voices. For running voices, jitter and shimmer did not statistically discriminate between normal and pathological voices, but a significant difference was found for SNR, correlation dimension, and second-order entropy. The results suggest that nonlinear dynamic analysis and traditional SNR analysis may be valuable for the analysis of sustained and running vowels; perturbation analysis may be applicable for the analysis of sustained vowels but should be applied with caution for running voice analysis.