|Authors||Staskowski PA, Ford CN, Inagi K|
|Journal||Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg Volume: 118 Issue: 2 Pages: 187-90|
|Publish Date||1998 Feb|
Collagen is a functionally essential component of the five-layered structure of the vocal fold. Soluble bovine collagen has previously been shown to be an effective injectable bioimplant for vocal fold defects, paralysis, and, especially, scarred larynges. Although bovine collagen appears to be well tolerated, the concern for possible adverse immunologic responses has deterred approval from the Food and Drug Administration for its clinical use in the larynx. Currently we are investigating the use of injectable autologous collagen for vocal fold augmentation. The purpose of this study is to examine the histologic fate of autologous collagen injected into the canine vocal fold at multiple intervals after injection. An ellipse of skin measuring 3 × 6 cm was harvested from each of three dogs and processed into a naturally cross-linked injectable solution of collagen (Autologen). This autologous collagen was injected into one vocal fold and a control injection of buffer solution was injected contralaterally. The injections were well tolerated and no dog appeared to suffer any immediate or delayed ill effects. The dog larynges were harvested 1, 3, and 6 months after collagen injection and examined grossly and histologically. Injected autologous collagen material persisted in these experimental animals and appeared to be well tolerated. Based on this preliminary study, we anticipate autologous collagen to be at least as suitable as bovine chemically cross-linked collagen as an injectable bioimplant for vocal fold augmentation. It may also have the advantage of added safety and stability.